Law and Climate Atlas

Climate change is impacting every aspect of society and the economy, so it is relevant to every area of law. Lawyers will therefore play a vital role in the net zero transition. Developed by the Centre for Climate Engagement in partnership with the Net Zero Lawyers Alliance, the Law & Climate Atlas provides overviews of how climate change is shaping different areas of law, and how these areas might help drive climate action.

Each section includes relevant citations and links to further reading, and will be updated in response to key legal developments. The Atlas focuses on law impacting the UK, but has sections that cover international law and cites precedent from many other jurisdictions. A list of other useful resources and a glossary of key terminology can be found here. If you have any questions about the Law & Climate Atlas, or would like to suggest any additions or amendments, please get in touch at climate@hughes.cam.ac.uk.


Administrative Law and Climate Change

Public bodies and decision makers now have climate-related obligations and may face judicial review if they fail to meet them. More →

Commercial Arbitration and Climate Change

Climate change issues are now directly and indirectly relevant to international commercial arbitration. More →

Company Law and Climate Change

Companies have a key role to play in the net zero transition, and are subject to a growing number of legal requirements related to climate change. More →

Competition Law and Climate Change

Businesses must collaborate to tackle the climate crisis, but this can raise competition law concerns. More →

Contract Law and Climate Change

Contracts can play a pivotal role in addressing specific actions that can lead to the transition to net zero. More →

Contract Law and Climate Change

Contracts let a wide range of actors create legally binding climate commitments without waiting for legislation or litigation. More →

Criminal Law and Climate Change

Both climate activists and greenhouse gas emitters may need to worry about criminal law. More →

Employment Law and Climate Change

The net zero transition is changing workplaces, creating climate-related employment law issues. More →

Environmental Law and Climate Change

Climate change is linked to many other environmental issues and the legal regimes that aim to address them. More →

Environmental Law and Climate Change

Environmental law field remains one of the principal areas of the law in which climate change is confronted directly. More →

European Union Law and Climate Change

The European Union has many important climate laws which remain relevant to the UK. More →

Financial Law and Climate Change

Many new laws and regulations aim to use the financial system to drive emissions reductions. More →

Human Rights and Climate Change

Over the last two decades, a global consensus has emerged that climate change impacts human rights. More →

Human Rights Law and Climate Change

Human rights are closely linked to climate change, creating challenges and opportunities for human rights law regimes. More →

Immigration Law and Climate Change

Climate change will drive migration, which immigration law must facilitate. More →

Insurance Law and Climate Change

Insurance is crucial to managing climate risks, and may even play a role in reducing emissions. More →

Intellectual Property Law and Climate Change

Intellectual property law is highly relevant to the many new products and technologies that address climate change. More →

International Trade Law and Climate Change

Trade law and policy has been central to the growth of global emissions and in effectuating a global green transition. More →

Planning Law and Climate Change

Planning law can be leveraged to ensure low-carbon development and accelerate the deployment of green infrastructure. More →

Property Law and Climate Change

Legal mechanisms may help buyers, sellers, and renters address climate change. More →

Public Health Law and Climate Change

The law is increasingly recognising climate change as a significant public health issue. More →

Public International Law and Climate Change

A new international law regime has emerged to address climate change, and the climate crisis is closely intertwined with many other areas of international law. More →

Public International Law and Climate Change

The international climate regime works in conjunction with public international law to address the direct and indirect impacts of climate change. More →

Securities Law and Climate Change

The convergence of climate change and financial regulations has implications for the financial sector and regulatory frameworks. More →